PURPOSE: To prepare a lower alcohol and/or lower hydrocarbon suitable for an energy source easily, from carbon monoxide and hydrogen, by using an easily preparable and recoverable catalyst containing rhenium supported on an iron carrier.
CONSTITUTION: Carbon monoxide is brought into contact with hydrogen at a molar ratio of preferably 1:(1-5) in the presence of a catalyst prepared by supporting a rhenium, e.g. metallic rhenium, rhenium oxide, rhenium trichloride, rhenium pentachloride and ammonium perrhenate on an iron carrier, preferably iron oxide, to give a lower hydrocarbon, e.g. methane, and/or lower alcohol, e.g. methanol or ethanol.