Return to DOE Report Table of Contents

Return to Catalytic Cracking Table of Contents

The Selective Catalytic Cracking of Fischer-Tropsch Liquids to
High Value Transportation Fuels - Final Report - 1995

Schwartz, M. M.

Amoco Oil Company

Table of Contents

Section 1
757kb
Executive Summary 12
1.0  Background 12
2.0  Scope of Work 15
  2.1  Program Descriptions 15
2.2  Task Descriptions 15
  2.2.1  Project Management Plan  
2.2.2  Preparation of Feedstocks and Equipment Calibration
2.2.3  Catalytic Cracking Catalyst Screening Program
2.2.4  Pilot Plant Tests
2.2.5  Preparation of C5-C8 Ethers
2.2.6  Evaluation of Gasoline Blending Properties of Ethers and Alcohol Products
2.2.7  Scoping Economic Evaluation of the Proposed Processes

3.0 

Feedstock Characterization and Equipment Calibration 15
 

3.1 

Feedstock Characterization 15
  3.1.1  Sasol Wax  
3.1.2  Air Products Wax
3.1.3  Fischer-Tropsch Naphtha from UOP Pilot Plant

3.2 

Equipment Modification 18

4.0 

Catalytic Cracking Catalyst Screening Program 19
 

4.1

Sasol Wax Feedstock 19
  4.1.1  Comparison with Gas Oil Feedstock  
4.1.2  Effect of Reaction Severity
Section 2
745kb
4.1.3  Non-zeolitic Catalysts
4.1.4  Effect of HZSM-5 Source
4.1.5  HZSM-5 Zeolite Catalysts Containing Rare Earth
4.1.6  Y Zeolite Catalysts Containing Rare Earth
4.1.7  Effect of Coke Deposition
4.1.8  Low Zeolite-content Catalysts
Section 3
912kb

4.2 

LaPorte Wax Feedstock 54
  4.2.1  Selective Attrition Experiments
4.2.2  Catalyst Effects
Section 4
781kb

4.3 

UOP Fischer-Tropsch Naphtha Feedstock 81

5.0 

Pilot Plant Tests 81
  5.1  Conversion and Selectivity 87
5.2  Product Quality 88
  5.2.1  Properties of 430-F Product (Naphta)  
5.2.2  Properties of 430+650F Product (LCCO)
5.2.3  Properties of 650+F Product (Heavy Cycle Oil)

6.0 

Preparation of C5-C6 Ethers 98
  6.1  Model Compound Runs 98
6.2  Feedstock Variation 98
Section 5
819kb
6.3  Etherification Runs 105
7.0  Evaluation of Gasoline Blending Properties of Ether 106
8.0  Scoping Economic Evaluation of the Proposed Processes 107
 

8.1 

Product Value of FCC Pilot Plant Runs 107
  8.1.1  Propylene Valued as Fuel Gas  
8.1.2  Propylene Valued as Feedstock to Di-isopropyl Ether Unit
Section 6
1370kb

8.2 

Calculation of Hydrocracking Product Values and Comparison with Pilot Plant FCC Produt Values 121
9.0  Conclusion 126
10.0  References 126