2561. OWEN, J. J. (Standard Oil Development Co.). Aldehydes. United States Patent 2,509,878, May 30, 1950; appl. filed Jan. 2, 1947, Serial No. 719,725; 3 claims (Cl. 260-604). Chem. Abs., vol. 44, 1950, p. 8363.

Presence of the product alcohol or aldehyde inhibits gelation of the Co soap catalyst in the synthesis of aldehydes from an olefin, H2, and CO. Diisobutylene, 1% Co stearate, 4% nonylalcohol, at 300 F., 3,000 p. s. i., and a 1.2:1 vol. ratio of H2:CO at a rate of 8,920 cu. ft./per bbl. of feed gave 61% conversion to oxygenated product, mainly nonylaldehyde.