3505. ---------------. [TUTIYA, H.] Catalytic Decomposition of Carbon Monoxide. IV. Behavior of Nickel Carbides. Bull. Inst. Phys. Chem. Research (Tokyo), vol. 10, 1931, pp. 951-973, abs. 83-84; Sci. Papers Inst. Phys. Chem. Research (Tokyo), vol. 16, No. 328-329, 1931; Chem. Zentralb., 1932, I, pp. 782-783; Chem. Abs., vol. 27, 1933, p. 1809.
An X-ray investigation of the catalytic decomposition of CO by Ni or NiO has confirmed the formation of Ni3C n a percarbide, NiχC. The percarbide is formed from NiO at 270° and rapidly decomposes into Ni3C and C at 284°; it also is decomposed by atmospheric H2O vapor. Ni3C is quite stable at 285° and catalyzes the decomposition of CO. In the temperature range of stability of Ni3C, the reaction 3Ni+2CO=Ni3C+CO2 is possible, but not reaction 2CO=C+CO2. Free Ni is found in the earlier stages of reduction of NiO, but later changes completely to carbides.