3328.     TAUSSIG, J. H., JR.  Theoretical Advantages of Low Air:Steam Ratios in Water-Gas Manufacture. Gas Age, vol. 85, No. 12, 1940, pp. 31-33, 40; Chem. Abs., vol. 34, 1940, p. 4886.

        From the standpoint of generator fuel consumption, the lowest air:steam ratio that can be used and still supply enough heat for oil vaporization and fixing is most economical, because the lower ratios make cooler fires and promote the reaction: C+CO2=2CO.  The most economical point of operation may be found by plotting the cost of steam against the air:steam ratio and selecting the air:steam ratio at which the sum of the costs is a minimum.