2471.     NIKITIN, V. M.  [Effect of the Conditions of Synthesis on the Quality of Methanol.]  Jour. Chem. Ind. (U.S.S.R.), vol. 12, 1935, pp. 1233-1236; British Chem. Abs., 1936, B, p. 404; Chem. Abs., vol. 30, 1936, p. 2170.

        Catalysts containing more Cr than 8ZnO·1.2Cr2O3 give larger amounts of byproducts in synthetic MeOH.  The quantity of H2O and higher molecular compounds formed is increased as the temperature is raised.  When the rate of passing the gases over the catalyst is increased, the formation of aldehydes, ketones, and esters decreases more rapidly than that of acids.  If the ratio of H2:CO is not 2, more byproducts are formed.  Inert gases act as diluents and lower the quality of the MeOH.