2399.     ---------------.  [NATTA, G., AND STRADA, M.]  [Synthesis of Aliphatic Alcohols From Mixtures of Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen.]  Giorn. chim. ind. applicata, vol. 13, 1931, pp. 317-325; Chem. Zentralb., 1931, II, p. 1958; Chem. Abs., vol. 26, 1932, p. 693.

        Experiments carried out on a semi-industrial scale show that in the presence of catalysts consisting of compounds of Zn and the alkali metals CO and H2 will react under pressure to form aliphatic alcohols.  By excluding any metals of groups 4-8, many harmful secondary reactions, as formation of CH4 are reduced greatly.  The hypothesis that MeOH is first formed and reacts with CO to form higher homologs is strengthened by the observation that in the presence of HCO2K a higher yield of MeOH is obtained.  While CH3CO2K and EtCO2K increase the yields of EtOH and PrOH, respectively.