851.    ESTIVAL, J.  Gasification of Low-Grade Fuels for the Synthesis of Gasoline and Methanol.  Coal Carbonisation, vol. 2, 1936, p. 222; Génie Civil, vol. 109, 1937, pp. 405-407; Chem. Abs., vol. 31, 1937, p. 8884.

      Philipon gas producer and the installation at Saint Etienne are described.  Tests were made in a small gas producer, treating 100-150 kg. per hr., on a lignite from the collieries of Bouches-du-Rhone.  A slag suitable for cement manufacture, an iron containing less than 0.10% S, a gas particularly rich in CO and H2, and some tar were obtained.  Results indicate that any fuel, crude, carbonized, or semicarbonized, can be used to produce a gas suitable for the manufacture of MeOH or gasoline.  Adaptation to large-scale production and means of reducing costs are discussed.  Suggestions for using the gas to make gasoline for MeOH and a drawing of equipment for the manufacture of MeOH are given.

      ETH.  See abs. 3728.