782.    ---------------.  [EIDUS, Y. T.]   Reactions of Some Oxygen-Containing Organic Compounds Over the Cobalt Contact Catalysts Used for the Synthesis of Gasoline From Water Gas.  Bull. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S., Classe Sci. Chim., 1943, pp. 65-73 (English summary); Nat. Petrol. News, vol. 37, No. 14, 1945, pp. R-302, 304, 306; U.O.P. Co. Survey Foreign Petroleum Literature Transl. 439; Chem. Abs., vol. 38, 1944, p. 1342.

     MeOH decomposes almost completely over a Co-ThO2-kieselguhr catalyst at 170-200, forming CO and H2.  These react further to form a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons similar in properties to, but smaller in amount than, the mixture obtained directly from water gas over this catalyst.  HCO2H similarly decomposes, chiefly to H2 and CO2, somewhat less to H2O and CO, and very slightly to HCHO, CO2, and H2O.  EtOH gives a series of products, of which the chief are CH4, CO, and H2.  In both cases liquid hydrocarbons are formed, but always as secondary products from CO and H2.  Thus, MeOH, HCO2H, and EtOH cannot be intermediates to the synthesis of hydrocarbons from water gas.