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Supplemental Studies for Anthracite Coal Gasification to Produce
Fuels and Chemicals, Nepgas Project - Volume II.

 Supplemental Tasks

Task I

Evaluation of Gasifier Technology

Task II

Technical Support Document

Task III

Environmental Licensing Review

Task IV

Commercial Development 

EBASCO Services Incorporated

In this pdf format, this document has 191 pages and is 4.85 MB.

Table of Contents

 

Introduction

3

Approach, Rationale and Criteria for Candidate Selection

 

 

Approach

4

Rationale and Criteria

4

Ultimate Analysis

6

Exhibit II IA

 

Gasifier Systems Review

8

 

Gasifier Process Characteristics Review

9

Gasifier Evaluation Guide

10

Gasification Evaluation Guide

11

Description of Results

13

Table I

Comparison of Gasifier Design Parameters

15

Table II

Capital Investment Estimate

17

Table III

Projected Methanol Costs

17

Table 5-2

EDRC NEPGAS Capital Investment Estimate (4th Quarter 79 Pricing Level)

18

Gasifier Evaluations and Recommendations Entrained Beds

19

 

KT/KBW

19

Texaco

20

Shell-Koppers

21

Searberg/Otto

21

Fixed Beds Lurgi Dry Ash Slagger

 

KGN

22

Fluidized Bed

22

Westinghouse

22

History, Commercial Status and Availability

26

Entrained Bed Systems Koppers-Totzsek

26

Texaco

27

Saaberg/Otto

27

Shell-Koppers

28

KBW-Water Jacket/Tubular

28

Fixed Bed Systems Lurgi Slagger

29

Lurgi Dry Bottom

30

KGN

31

Fluidized Bed Westinghouse

31

Process Descriptions

33

Westinghouse

34

Process Description

34

Coal Handling and Gasifier Feeding

34

Gasification and Heat Recovery

34

Exhibit II 1B

Westinghouse Gasifier

36

Exhibit II 2B

Westinghouse Process Schematic

37

Exhibit II 3B

The Lurgi Dry Ash Gasifier

41

Exhibit II 4B

Lurgi Coal Gasification and Raw Gas Scrubbing

42

Exhibit II 5B

Lurgi Gas Liquor Processing and By-Product Recovery

43

Exhibit II 6B

The Slagging Gasifier

46

Exhibit II 7B

BG Lurgi-Slagging Gasifier Slag Removal

47

Exhibit II 8B

KGN Briquetting Process

50

Exhibit II 9B

KGN Fixed Bed Gasifier

51

Exhibit II 10B

KGN Process Flow Schematic

52

Exhibit III 11B

Texaco Coal Gasification Process Gas Cooler Mode

55

Exhibit II 12B

Texaco Coal Gasification Process Direct Quench Mode

56

Exhibit II 13B

Radiant Section of Texaco Gasifier (Gas Cooler Mode)

57

Exhibit II 14B

The Texaco Coal Gasifier Quench Mode

58

Exhibit II 15B

Shell-Koppers Gasification System

61

Exhibit II 16B

Saarberg/Otto Process Flow Diagram

64

Exhibit II 17B

Saarberg-Otto Gasifier

65

Exhibit II 18B

Koppers-Totzek Gasifier Typical Cross Section

69

Exhibit II 19B

KT & KBW Jacket Cooled Gasifier

70

Exhibit II 20B

Koppers-Totzek Gasification

71

Exhibit II 21B

KBW Tube Cooled Gasifier

72

Exhibit II 22B

KBW Tube Cooled Gasifier

73

Nepgas Continuation Study - Supplemental Task II  Technical Document

74

Introduction

75

I.

Site Considerations

76

Exhibit I - 1

Site Data Checklist

80

Exhibit I - 2

Typical Codes and Specifications

83

II

Coal

84

II-1

Survey of Coal Source

84

II-2

Coal Characterization Tests

84

III

Gasification Tests

91

 

Nepgas Continuation Study

Supplemental Task III

Environmental Assessment Report Licensing Review Hazelton Site

96

I.

Introduction

101

II.

Site Description

102

A.

Location

102

B.

Disciplinary Characterization of Site

103

1.

Air Quality

103

2.

Water

107

3.

Solid Wastes

114

4.

Land/Use Socioeconomic

114

5.

Aquatic Ecology

118

6.

Terrestrial Ecology

119

III.

Project Description

122

A.

Plot Plan

122

B.

Process Description

123

 

C.

Plant Emissions

125

IV.

Environmental Change/Implications

128

A.

Air Quality

128

B.

Water Supply and Water Quality

130

C.

Solid Wastes

131

D.

Land Use/Socioeconomics

132

E.

Ecology

135

V.

Recommendations

136

A.

Licensing Requirements

136

1.

Federal

136

a.

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) (42 USC 6901 et seq)

136

b.

Clean Air Act (CAA) (42 USC 7401 et seq)

137

c.

Clean Water Act (CWA) (33 USC 1251 et seq)

138

d.

Rivers and Harbors Act (RHA) (33 USC 401 et seq)

138

e.

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) (42 USC 4321 et seq)

138

f.

Susquehanna River Basin Commission

139

g.

National Historic Preservation Act (16 USC 461-470t)

139

h.

Wild and Scenic Rivers Act (16 USC 1271 et seq)

139

i.

Endangered Species Act (16 USCC 1531 et seq)

140

j.

Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act (16 USC 661 et seq)

140

2.

State

140

a.

Clean Streams Law (35 Pa Code 691.1 et seq)

140

b.

Obstructions Statue (32 Pa Code 591)

141

c.

Solid Waste Management Act (35 Pa Code 29)

141

d.

Air Pollution Control Act (35 Pa Code 23)

142

e.

Other Areas

142

3.

Local

143

a.

None Listed

 

b.

Additional Studies

143

References

144

Tables

 

1

Susquehanna River Water Quality (Hunlock Creek)

145

2

Pennsylvania Water Quality Standards Specific Criteria

 

 

 

Susquehanna River North Branch

 

(Lackawanna River to West Branch)

146

3

Lehigh River Water Quality (Walnutport Station)

149

4

Mine Drainage Discharge Points, Eastern Middle Field

150

5

Jeddo Tunnel

151

6

Beaver Meadows Drainage Tunnel

152

7

Ebervale Well, Groundwater Quality

153

8

Lattimer Well Groundwater Quality

154

9

Land Use Existing and Future

155

10

Luzerne County Employment 1975-1979

156

11

Unemployment Rate (%) 1970-1980

157

12

Plant Species recorded on the shale pit site during fall 1980 reconnaissance studies

158

13

Estimated Solid Waste Generation

171

14

Estimated Air Emissions

172

15

Licensing Schedule

173

Figures

174

Nepgas Continuation Study Supplemental Task IV Commercial Development

179

 

A.

Background

180

Market Assessment

180

Raw material Supply

180

Conceptual Design

180

Site Investigation

180

 

Capital Investment and Operation Requirements

181

Program and Project Schedule

181

Socio-Economic Characteristics of Northwest Pennsylvania

181

I.

A re-evaluation of Gasification Technology

181

II.

Technical Document

181

III.

Environmental Licensing Review

181

IV.

Commercial Development Summary

181

B.

Commercial Summary

181

I.

Recommended Product and Plant Capacity

181

II.

Concept Design Summary

181

III.

Project Site and Environmental Issues

182

IV.

Costs and Competitive Posture with Conventionally Derived Methanol

182

V.

Raw Material Supply

183

VI.

Financial Incentives

183

VII.

Outlook for Commercialization

184

IV.

Process Engineering Considerations

187

V.

Execution Plan

189

 

V-1

Project General Management

189

V-2

Project Schedule

193